China also has the most neighbor countries in the world.

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The Jin fell to civil war upon the ascension of a developmentally-disabled emperor; the Five Barbarians then invaded and ruled northern China as the Sixteen States.

The Xianbei unified them as the Northern Wei, whose Emperor Xiaowen reversed his predecessors' apartheid policies and enforced a drastic sinification on his subjects, largely integrating them into Chinese culture.

China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain.

For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE.

In 907, the Tang disintegrated completely when the local military governors became ungovernable.

The Song dynasty ended the separatist situation in 960, leading to a balance of power between the Song and Khitan Liao.During the 1950s and 1960s, after the defeat of the Kuomintang in the Chinese Civil War, it was also referred to as "Communist China" or "Red China", to be differentiated from "Nationalist China" or "Free China"., though centralized authority was slowly eroded by feudal warlords.Many independent states eventually emerged from the weakened Zhou state and continually waged war with each other in the 300-year Spring and Autumn period, only occasionally deferring to the Zhou king.whose central figures were later immortalized in one of the Four Classics of Chinese literature.At its end, Wei was swiftly overthrown by the Jin dynasty.Han China gradually became the largest economy of the ancient world.