It is these people from Roslagen that some historians are of the opinion that their Finnish neighbours were in the habit of referring to them as .

Though this may be viewed as a pejorative reference to their paganistic beliefs, it could simply indicate that the Vikings may have had contact with Zoroastrians in Persia and Mesopotamia due to scholars in Al-Andalus also applying this term to them.

"There's a hole in our knowledge, we leap frog from the Renaissance to the Greeks," professor Salim al-Hassani, Chairman of the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation, and editor of the book told CNN.

"1001 Inventions" is now an exhibition at London's Science Museum.

Some historians believe though that this was merely a figment of the “Arabs’ imagination [dating] back to the Zoroastrians After a discovery of Arabic characters on Viking burial garments went viral, the Viking woman who was found wearing an Islamic silver ring is hitting the headlines again.

As stated and predicted in the above article dating back to May 2015, additional studies and research may reveal more artefacts signifying European and Muslim Civilisation interconnectivity even further still…

His designs would undoubtedly have been an inspiration for famed Italian artist and inventor Leonardo da Vinci's hundreds of years later, said Hassani. University In 859 a young princess named Fatima al-Firhi founded the first degree-granting university in Fez, Morocco.

Her sister Miriam founded an adjacent mosque and together the complex became the al-Qarawiyyin Mosque and University.Using a twig from the Meswak tree, he cleaned his teeth and freshened his breath.Substances similar to Meswak are used in modern toothpaste. The crank Many of the basics of modern automatics were first put to use in the Muslim world, including the revolutionary crank-connecting rod system.Among many instruments that arrived in Europe through the Middle East are the lute and the rahab, an ancestor of the violin.Modern musical scales are also said to derive from the Arabic alphabet. Toothbrush According to Hassani, the Prophet Mohammed popularized the use of the first toothbrush in around 600.The trade, battles and many other interactions between Muslims and Vikings is reported to have been so intertwined that such discovered artefacts from their day to day lifestyle - whether Vikings converted to Islam or not – should be perceived as commonplace. Yet, there are people who hold this has nothing to do with Islam, Associate Professor of Islamic Art and Architecture at the University of Texas, Stephennie Mulder, claims Still, news of such findings is positive, as they reinforce that social cohesion and a shared legacy between diverse cultures did and can exist.